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Opinions expressed in this Blog do not necessarily represent views of the Bishop of OFE,  Abbot General of the OFE, the OFE Board, the Abbey Board, the OFC Advisory Board, or any other members of OFE, OFES, COFE, and OFE Charters.
 

Prayer to Saint Michael the Archangel

Saint Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle. Be our defense against the wickedness and snares of the Devil. May God rebuke him, we humbly pray, and do thou, O Prince of the heavenly hosts, by the power of God thrust into hell Satan, and all the evil spirits, who prowl about the world seeking the ruin of souls. Amen.
 
Pope Leo XIII wrote the Saint Michael prayer, in 1884, after supposedly seeing a frightening vision: evil spirits, trying to fulfill Satan’s boast to destroy our Lord’s Church within a century, were engaging in fierce attacks against it. 


A Prayer of Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini

God of our Wandering Ancestors, I am an immigrant, a refugee, an exile from heaven. You made America a place of immigrants and inspired Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini and her sisters, welcoming and comforting the immigrant, helping to make this nation a home for our children. Mother Cabrini went down into the mines to meet immigrant workers where they were, her hymns piercing the darkness. But there are dark places I fear to go, people I fear to meet. Fill me with the words that emboldened your shining saint: I have the strength for everything through God who empowers me. May it be said of me that, like Mother Cabrini, I treated the stranger not as an alien, but as a brother or a sister, greeting them with an embrace and a song of joy .And when my days on Earth are done, may I be greeted by one such as she, by a hymn piercing even the darkness of death, welcoming me to God’s kingdom, an exile no longer. St. Frances Xavier Cabrini, pray for us. Amen.
 
Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini, born in Lombardy, Italy. She came to America as a missionary, founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart to care for poor children in schools and hospitals. She is the first American citizen to be canonized.


Benedictus (The Canticle of Zechariah)

Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel; He has come to His people and sent them free.  He has raised up for us a mighty savior, born of the house of His servant David.  Through His holy prophets He promised of old that He would save us from our enemies, from the hands of all who hate us.  He promised to show mercy to our fathers and to remember His holy covenant.  This was the oath He swore to our father Abraham: to set us free from the hands of our enemies, free to worship Him without fear, holy and righteous in His sight all the days of our life.  You, my child, shall be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare His way, to give His people knowledge of salvation by the forgiveness of their sins. In the tender compassion of our God, the dawn from on high shall break upon us, to shine on those who dwell in darkness and the shadow of death, and to guide our feet into the way of peace. Amen.
 
The Benedictus was the song of thanksgiving uttered by Zechariah on the occasion of the circumcision of his son, John the Baptist. (Luke 1:68-79)


The Prayer of Mary (The Magnificat)

My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord, my spirit rejoices in God my Savior for he has looked with favor on his lowly servant. From this day all generations will call me blessed: the Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his Name. He has mercy on those who fear him in every generation. He has shown the strength of his arm, he has scattered the proud in their conceit. He has cast down the mighty from their thrones, and has lifted up the lowly. He has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich he has sent away empty. He has come to the help of his servant Israel for he remembered his promise of mercy, the promise he made to our fathers, to Abraham and his children forever.  Amen.
 
The Magnificat is Mary’s prayer, poem, and hymn of praise found in Luke 1:46–55. Saint Ambrose once said, “Let Mary’s soul be in us to glorify the Lord; let her spirit be in us that we may rejoice in God our Savior.”


Unconditional Love

But God proves his love for us in that while we were still sinners Christ died for us. (Romans 5:8) Whoever is without love does not know God, for God is love. (1 John 4:8) We have come to know and to believe in the love God has for us. (1 John 4:16) So that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life. (John 3:16) For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not from you; it is the gift of God. (Ephesians 2:8) But when the kindness and generous love of God our savior appeared, not because of any righteous deeds we had done but because of his mercy, he saved us through the bath of rebirth and renewal by the holy Spirit. (Titus 3:4-5)



The Lord’s Prayer (Our Father)

Our Father who art in Heaven, hallowed be thy name; thy Kingdom come, thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen. 
 
Lord’s Prayer, also called Our Father, Latin Oratio Dominica or Pater Noster, Christian prayer that, according to tradition, was taught by Jesus to his disciples. It appears in two forms in the New Testament:  Luke 11:2–4 and Matthew 6:9–13. In both contexts it is offered as a model of how to pray.


Sign of the Cross (Prayer)

In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
 

In the Sign of the Cross, we profess the deepest mysteries of the Christian Faith: the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) and the saving work of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ on the Cross on Good Friday.



Hail Mary (Prayer)

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with you. (Luke 1:28) Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb, (Luke 1:41-42) Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, (Luke 1:43) pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.



“Glory Be” Prayer

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
 
The “Glory Be” prayer, or the “Gloria Patri” in Latin, is an ancient prayer that is intended to praise and give glory to each of the three persons of the Trinity, specifically, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The prayer continues by professing that God is everlasting.


Roman Catholic Rosary Beads

By Abbot Father Michael Cuozzo+, OFE
 

The intention of this article is to simply introduce to the reader the venerable tradition of the Roman Catholic rosary beads or the Psalter of Mary. The rosary, because of its one hundred fifty Hail Marys corresponding to the number of the Psalms, is sometimes called the Psalter of Mary. Catholics have used the rosary for hundreds of years. Each bead of the rosary has its origin in Holy Scripture and Catholic tradition. Roman Catholic theologian Blessed Alan de la Roche (1428 – 1475), noted for his views on prayer said, “The Holy Rosary is the storehouse of countless blessing.”

If you were to ask what object is most representative of Catholics, you would probably say, “The rosary.”  We are very familiar with the images: a person in the front pew of the church silently moving lips while praying the rosary; a family fingering beads; the ladies of the Altar Rosary Society praying the rosary before or after Eucharist; a baby sucking on her mother’s rosary beads while praying; the oversized rosary hanging from the waist of a Roman Catholic Franciscans Abbot; more recently, an ornate rosary hanging from the rearview mirror of a 1956 Chevy.
 
The rosary assist us engage our body, mind, and spirit in our prayers.  Pope Saint Pius X (1835 – 1914) viewed, “The Rosary is the most beautiful and richest of all prayers to the Mediatrix of all grace; it is the prayer that touches most the heart of the Mother of God. Say it each day” (Cf. Msgr. J. Cirrincione and T. Nelson, The Rosary and the Crisis in the Faith, Tan Books and Publishers, p. 34).
 
The rosary comes from Latin rosarium, meaning “crown of roses” or “garland of roses” and the rose being one of the flowers used to represent the Blessed Virgin Mary. The rosary is a biblical form of prayer and all the prayers that are used come mainly from the Bible. It has 59 beads and five decades of 10 beads a piece. A single bead separates the weeks and decades. The rosary is said using beads to count recital prayers while we meditate upon on the biblical mysteries from the lives Jesus and Mary.

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Anglican Prayer Beads

By Abbot Father Michael Cuozzo+, OFE
 
This brief article is to introduce to the reader a new tool to assist with contemplative prayer that is used in the Anglican Communion – the Anglican prayer beads. It is also known as the Anglican rosary, Christian prayer beads, or Anglican/Episcopalian prayer beads.
 
Since the earliest of times prayer beads are present in almost every culture. People have used pebbles or a string of knots or beads on a cord to keep track of prayers presented to God. Using prayer beads as a tool of meditation is as old as human history.    
 
Church prayer has been a pivotal part of Christian living. Saint Luke wrote that the newly baptized committed themselves to the apostles’ teaching and fraternity, to the breaking of bread and prayers (Acts 2:42). Saint Paul urges us to pray without ceasing to give thanks in all instances; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you (1 Thessalonians 5:17-18).  
 
Every major religious tradition used prayer beads throughout history. The earliest recorded examples are the Malabeads of the Hindu and Buddhist faiths. The Eastern Orthodox has a prayer cord with cross-knots, and the Roman Catholics have the rosary. The Roman Catholic rosary originated sometime between the 12th and 15th century. There are also the Islamic prayer beads called the Misbahaor the Tasbih.
 
The Rev. Lynn Baumann from the Episcopal Church in the United States created the Anglican prayer beads in the mid-1980s as an aid to contemplative prayer. Prayer beads have grown in approval among those seeking to enrich their prayer life. The prayer beads been adopted by Lutherans, Methodists, and other Protestant groups, thus giving rise to the term Christian prayer beads. There’s also a nondenominational variation known as the Earth Rosary. Consisting of four sets of 13 beads, which indicate the 13 weeks in each of the four seasons, the Earth Rosary has a total of 52 beads, representing each week of the year.
 
The Anglican prayer beads are made up of 33 beads, which represent the years of Jesus’ earthy life, while the Catholic rosary has 59. It is divided into four weeks of seven beads each, and the Catholic rosary has five decades of 10 beads a piece. A single bead separates the weeks and decades on both rosaries.  
 
Beads: Gateway to Prayer, an article written by Maryknoll Brother John Beeching enlightens us about prayer beads, “When we start to pray with beads, our prayer forms on our lips, but gradually it internalizes, welling from within our heart. As we progress, the prayer may become simply awareness or getting lost in the Divine.”
 
Anglican prayer beads is a simply tool to assist in one’s prayer life. Anglican prayer beads are used as a tactile aid to prayer. It helps to bring us into contemplative of meditative prayer by use of mind, body, and spirit. The touching of the fingers on each bead helps in keeping our mind from drifting, and the cadence of the prayers steers us more easily into quietness.
 
Trappist monk and priest Dom M. Basil Pennington reminds us in Praying by Hand: Rediscovering the Rosary as a Way of Prayer, prayer beads simply are a method or instrument “to help us pray, to enter into communion and union with God. Therefore, we should feel free to use it or pray it in any way that helps us to enter into that union.”


Nicene Creed (Prayer)

I believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all things visible and invisible. I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son of God, born of the Father before all ages. God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, consubstantial with the Father; through him all things were made. For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven, and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary, and became man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he suffered death and was buried, and rose again on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead and his kingdom will have no end. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets. I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church. I confess one Baptism for the forgiveness of sins and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.



How do we pray with icons?

By Abbot Father Michael Cuozzo+, OFE
 
The Catechism of the Catholic Church points out, “the life of prayer is the habit of being in the presence of …God” (2565).  
 
“To pray is to pay attention to something or someone other than oneself. Whenever a man so concentrates his attention . . . that he completely forgets his own ego and desires, he is praying” (Jim Forest, Praying with Icons, Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1979), p. 29).  (Cf. Michael Cuozzo, The Theological Aspects of Holy Icons in the Orthodox Church (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Saint Elias School of Orthodox Theology, Nebraska, 1998), p. 84)
 
The Greek word ikon, from which the English term is derived, means likeness, image, representation. 
 
All icons are dogmatic statements, each one is a homily on the Gospel message, Saint Paul wrote: “Let us give glory to God! He is able to make you stand firm in your faith, according to the Good News I preach about Jesus Christ and according to the revelation of the secret truth which was hidden for long ages in the past” (Romans 16:25-26). Thus, the key to understanding iconography is to understand the Gospel.  (Cf. Michael Cuozzo, The Theological Aspects of Holy Icons in the Orthodox Church (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Saint Elias School of Orthodox Theology, Nebraska, 1998), p. 84)
 
Icons were created for the main purpose of offering access, through the gate of the visible, to the mystery of the invisible. Icons are painted to lead the faithful into the inner room of prayer, to bring them close to the heart of God. The icons themselves always before them, they were painted for both the glory of God and for salvation. (Ibid. pp. 84-85.)
 
As one prays with icons it is significant to gaze at the icon with complete attention and to pray with them. Gazing is probably the best word to touch the core of Eastern spirituality. The Andrew J. Krivak article “Gates of Mystery: The Art of Holy Russia” in America wrote: “The Father of Western monasticism, Saint Benedict, taught that prayer must begin with listening. In the Eastern Christian tradition, the essence of prayer is the gazing” (Andrew J. Krivak, “Gate of Mystery: The Art of Holy Russia,” America, Vol. 168. No. 4, 1993, February, p. 24).  (Cf. Michael Cuozzo, The Theological Aspects of Holy Icons in the Orthodox Church (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Saint Elias School of Orthodox Theology, Nebraska, 1998), p. 85)
 
It is important to remember that praying with icons is to just gaze attentively at an icon and let God speak. The icon inspires and instructs; it makes present the holy one depicted there; it is a channel for divine grace to pass to the person praying; it leads into prayer and communion with God. (Ibid.)


Apostles Creed (Prayer)

I believe in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried; he descended into hell; on the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty; from there he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting. Amen.


Athanasian Creed (Prayer)

  1. Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the Catholic faith;
  2. Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled, without doubt he shall perish everlastingly.
  3. And the Catholic faith is this: That we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity;
  4. Neither confounding the persons nor dividing the substance.
  5. For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Spirit.
  6. But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit is all one, the glory equal, the majesty coeternal.
  7. Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and such is the Holy Spirit.
  8. The Father uncreated, the Son uncreated, and the Holy Spirit uncreated.
  9. The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, and the Holy Spirit incomprehensible.
  10. The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy Spirit eternal.
  11. And yet they are not three eternals but one eternal.
  12. As also there are not three uncreated nor three incomprehensible, but one uncreated and one incomprehensible.
  13. So likewise the Father is almighty, the Son almighty, and the Holy Spirit almighty.
  14. And yet they are not three almighties, but one almighty.
  15. So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God;
  16. And yet they are not three Gods, but one God.
  17. So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son Lord, and the Holy Spirit Lord;
  18. And yet they are not three Lords but one Lord.
  19. For like as we are compelled by the Christian verity to acknowledge every Person by himself to be God and Lord;
  20. So are we forbidden by the Catholic religion to say; There are three Gods or three Lords.
  21. The Father is made of none, neither created nor begotten.
  22. The Son is of the Father alone; not made nor created, but begotten.

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